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A Distant Warm Neptune’s Surprising Atmosphere

A Distant Warm Neptune’s Surprising Atmosphere By Judith E Braffman-Miller The weird, wonderful worlds that exist in the distant families of stars beyond our Sun, have presented more than a few bewitching, bewildering, and bothersome surprises for planet-hunting astronomers to solve. While the discovery of new exoplanets occurs on an almost daily basis today, it was only a generation ago…

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Ancient Black Holes That Grew Up Too Fast

Ancient Black Holes That Grew Up Too Fast By Judith E Braffman-Miller Quasars are dazzling, luminous objects, that hide supermassive black holes deep within their mysterious, secretive hearts of darkness. Indeed, quasars are so brilliant that they are visible over great cosmic distances, as infalling, doomed material–snatched from ill-fated stars and unfortunate clouds of wandering gas–swirls down into the waiting,…

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The Electric Sands Of A Misty Moisty Moon Of Saturn

The Electric Sands Of A Misty Moisty Moon Of Saturn By Judith E Braffman-Miller The outer Solar System is enshrouded in the perpetual semi-darkness that exists far from the brilliant light and warmth of our Sun. Here, in this cold, shadowy outer kingdom, a quartet of gaseous, giant, majestic planets reign supreme–Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune–all circled by most of…

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Searching For The Culprit Behind The Universe’s Great Cold Spot

Searching For The Culprit Behind The Universe’s Great Cold Spot By Judith E Braffman-Miller The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation is the most ancient light that can be observed. This primordial, wandering light began its long, treacherous, mysterious journey nearly 14 billion years ago–and it is an almost-uniform background of radio waves that flow throughout the entire Universe. The CMB…

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The Martian “Doldrums”

The Martian “Doldrums” By Judith E Braffman-Miller Like other stars, our Sun was born surrounded by a swirling, whirling accretion disk composed of gas and dust. These protoplanetary accretion disks–that form gaseous rings around baby stars–contain the ingredients necessary to build up a family of planets, moons, and smaller objects that will populate an emerging solar system. Our primordial Solar…

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